Zoetic Networks: Economic Development of Local Communities via Open Replication

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A recent study by the U.N.’s International Telecommunications Union (ITU) reports that more than half the global population remains unconnected to the Internet.

The biggest barrier to addressing this digital divide is incumbent telecommunication providers that focus on near term profit in building out infrastructure, rather than the long-term benefits to local communities than come from connectivity.

Building out state of the art fiber-optic infrastructure to homes and businesses – the last mile – can be expensive although there have been many public-partnerships to build out the middle mile in areas where residents remain underserved.

The long wait for profitability in areas that are economically disadvantaged and/or have low population density is imply not attractive to business that are most concerned about the next quarterly report to their shareholders.

The next generation 5G wireless services are much faster but have shorter range – so the bottleneck to better connectivity for everyone will increasingly be a wireless last mile to existing fiber in the middle of the global telecommunications network.

The solution is what I have termed a Zoetic Network – zoetic is term relating to life and biological processes. Zoetic Networks use biological processes as the inspirational springboard to create business and organizational models that can combine aspects of traditionally (often adversarial) roles of customer, employee, manager, investor and owner.

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Life Versus #DarkEnergy: How An Advanced #ETCivilization Could Resist Accelerating Expansion of the Universe

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The presence of dark energy in our universe is causing space to expand at an accelerating rate. As a result, over the next approximately 100 billion years, all stars residing beyond the Local Group will fall beyond the cosmic horizon and become not only unobservable, but entirely inaccessible, thus limiting how much energy could one day be extracted from them. Here, we consider the likely response of a highly advanced civilization to this situation. In particular, we argue that in order to maximize its access to useable energy, a sufficiently advanced civilization would chose to expand rapidly outward, build Dyson Spheres or similar structures around encountered stars, and use the energy that is harnessed to accelerate those stars away from the approaching horizon and toward the center of the civilization.

IEEE Report on #NanoNetwork Communications

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Nanotechnology is enabling the development of devices on a scale ranging from one to a few hundred nanometers. At this scale, novel nanomaterials and nanoparticles show new properties and behaviors not observed at the microscopic level. In the future, networks of nano-devices will be a key component of almost every field of our society, with applications in biomedicine, environmental protection, entertainment, homeland security, and beyond. In order to enable nano-devices to communicate with each other, many fundamental challenges need to be addressed.

Design, fabrication and control of the systems impose novel design principles which greatly differ from that of the macro.

IEEE Access Special Section Editorial: Nano-Antennas, Nano-Transceivers and Nano-Networks/Communications

#Caltech Researchers develop artificial #NeuralNetwork from #DNA, shows capacity to program artificial intelligence into #SyntheticBiomolecular circuits

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Researchers at Caltech have developed an artificial neural network made out of DNA that can solve a classic machine learning problem: correctly identifying handwritten numbers. The work is a significant step in demonstrating the capacity to program artificial intelligence into synthetic biomolecular circuits.

https://www.caltech.edu/news/test-tube-artificial-neural-network-recognizes-molecular-handwriting-82679

Seafood Commons: Decentralized Autonomous Industry (DAI) verifies origin, safety, labeling of seafood across supply chain; monitors environmental, human rights impact

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[Disclaimer: I am a partner in the Seafood Commons]

The Seafood Commons is a Decentralized Autonomous Industry (DAI) to verify the origin, safety and labeling of seafood across the supply chain, also monitoring the environmental and human rights impact of the industry.

The seafood industry contributes US$230 billion to the global economy, jobs supporting 8% of the world’s population and provides the world’s prime source of high-quality protein: 14–16% of the animal protein consumed worldwide; over one billion people rely on seafood as their primary source of animal protein.

Environmental degradation, ocean acidification, plastics and loss of biodiversity are crossing major tipping points. The authors of a study released in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences examined 78 percent of the world’s annual catch and found that only a third were in decent biological shape.

Global fisheries, a core planetary industry, and source of food are endangered. At the same time, good actors, advocates, industry leaders, and technologists are rallying to establish the economy necessary to meet the challenge.

The Seafood Commons (SFC) team started to connect stakeholders in 2016 and now partners with Ambrosus the world’s leading blockchain-IoT platform for sensor-based quality assurance in food and pharmaceutical supply chains, Ulula connecting businesses, workers, communities and governments to de-risk operations and create value across global supply chains, and the World Ocean Observatory to create the architecture for the first Decentralized Autonomous Industry (DAI) – see Decentralized Autonomous Organization as a reference.

The DAI offers stakeholders governance, advanced collaboration and decision making tools, and open standards for innovation; designed as a seamless twenty-first-century intelligent infrastructure at a global industry scale. The DAI will connect local fisheries, communities, and regional ecosystem development programs with the Internet of Things (IoT) to scale to global traceability of seafood quality.

Stakeholders, research institutions, and consumers will be able to access a comprehensive system as a gateway to the IoT. Users have access to Big Data and analytics to develop predictive algorithms that can increase productivity and reduce the marginal cost of producing and delivering a full range of products and services.

Applying sound management reforms to global fisheries in the dataset could generate annual increases exceeding 16 million metric tons (MMT) in catch, $53 billion in profit, and 619 MMT in biomass relative to business as usual.

Overview, website

DNA Might Be Most Valuable Thing in Trade Deal With Aliens; US intel agencies building computers that store data inside DNA

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Motherboard reports on a proposal made by Daniel Helman, professor of Labor Relations and Trade Unions at Ton Duc Thang University in Vietnam at the International Space Development Conference in Los Angeles in May – Offer aliens our DNA in trade to avoid the war with them that is so often envisioned in science fiction:

What makes genetic information so unique is that it is the result of millions of years of evolution and interaction with Earth’s particular environment. Essentially, it’s a record of everything that’s happened on Earth up to this point, from mass extinctions to the industrial revolution. “Our environment is unique, hence the genetics of all the organisms here and in the solar system are unique,” explained Helman.

Related technology is being developed now by the US Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity, who issued a broad agency announcement seeking research teams for the agency’s Molecular Information Storage program, which aims to create a system for storing vast quantities of data on sequence-controlled polymers – like human DNA.

Of course the big question is whether our spy agencies might slip disinfo or malware into the DNA we provide the aliens – the possibility that aliens might embed hidden messages or malware in communications to us has already been raised. In a recent paper Michael Hippke of the Sonneberg Observatory in Germany and John G. Learned of the High Energy Physics Group at the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Hawaii, warned that:

A complex message from space may require the use of computers to display, analyze and understand. Such a message cannot be decontaminated with certainty, and technical risks remain which can pose an existential threat. Complex messages would need to be destroyed in the risk averse case.

New Peer-reviewed Paper in Mainstream Science Publication May Signal a Change in Attitude Towards #Paranormal Research

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The Daily Grail reports on a new peer-reviewed paper in a mainstream science publication may signal a change in attitude towards paranormal research:

In its latest issue, American Psychologist – the official peer-reviewed academic journal of the American Psychological Association – has published a paper that reviews the research so far into parapsychological (‘psi’) abilities, and concludes that the “evidence provides cumulative support for the reality of psi, which cannot be readily explained away by the quality of the studies, fraud, selective reporting, experimental or analytical incompetence, or other frequent criticisms.”

The new paper – “The experimental evidence for parapsychological phenomena: a review“, [abstract, full article behind paywall] by Etzel Cardeña of Lund University – also discusses recent theories from physics and psychology “that present psi phenomena as at least plausible”, and concludes with recommendations for further progress in the field.

The paper begins by noting the reason for presenting an overview and discussion of the topic: “Most psychologists could reasonably be described as uninformed skeptics — a minority could reasonably be described as prejudiced bigots — where the paranormal is concerned”. Indeed, it quotes one cognitive scientist as stating that the acceptance of psi phenomena would “send all of science as we know it crashing to the ground”.

To address this, the paper quickly outlines some current theories in physics and psychology that might help to explain psi effects without smashing the pillars supporting the scientific establishment: quantum physics, ideas on the nature of consciousness, theories of time, and psychological and evolutionary theories of psi.

Cardeña also notes that, despite its current, controversial reputation, the field of psi research has a long history of introducing methods later integrated into psychology (e.g. the first use of randomization, along with systematic use of masking procedures; the first comprehensive use of meta-analysis; study preregistration; pioneering contributions to the psychology of hallucinations, eyewitness reports, and dissociative and hypnotic phenomena)

….the paper also mentions one more suggestion to help psi research become more accepted by mainstream science: the need for “a change in the editorial policy of some journals so that the default position is not to automatically reject papers on psi but to have them evaluated on their own merits by knowledgeable and open reviewers”. Given the appearance of this paper in American Psychologist, that may now be happening.

 

#Shamanism Enjoys Revival in Techno-Savvy South #Korea, Has been spreading in North since 90’s

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Despite the belief in the West that modern technology is incompatible with traditional religious and magical beliefs, the practice of shamanism has had a resurgence across both North and South Korea. A NY Times article describes:

Korean shamanism is rooted in ancient indigenous beliefs shared by many folk religions in northeast Asia. Most mudangs [shamans who have become possessed by a god] are women who say they discovered their ability to serve as a mediator between the human and spirit worlds after emerging from a critical illness. They believe that the air is thick with spirits, including those of dead relatives, a fox in the hills behind a village, an old tree or even a stove. These spirits interact with people and influence their fortunes.

  • In 21st-century Korea, shamanism is not only thriving — but evolving: Artist Jorge Mañes Rubio travels to Seoul, Korea, to learn about the city’s primarily female shamans and their vital role in contemporary urban life
  • South Korean shamans were recently enraged when President Park Geun Hye was impeached by the National Assembly on charges related to influence peddling by her top aide, ‘female Rasputin’ Choi Soon-sil
  • In North Korea, shamanism has been spreading since ’90s famine: Defector says
    lack of trust in regime results in surge in shamanism despite official legal prohibition
  • The UK Sun recently published  images of the mudangs executing ceremonies to console the dead and wish good fortune for the living.

Trend Micro: Cryptocurrency-Mining Malware Targeting IoT, Being Offered in the Underground

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Trend Micro reports that:

Cryptocurrency malware is gaining traction as a topic in forums in the cybercriminal underground, with some dedicated to exploring whether compromising connected devices (however underpowered) for financial gain is a plausible venture. Still, it is not as profitable as other criminals may think — at least not yet.

Mining for cryptocurrency is a computationally intensive task that requires significant resources, not to mention high power consumption. Be that as it may, mining does generate money and we do see related activity on stealing the resources of infected machines, significantly affecting their performance and increasing their wear and tear.

Of course a related question is whether normal end-users can also usefully mine crypto without the economies of scale and stolen resources that cybercriminals enjoy. This is the goal of one cryptocurrency, Monero mentioned in the article.

Full article, Research brief Authors note that “It was actually hard to finish this publication, considering that new cryptocurrency malware conversations kept appearing every day in multiple places.”

 

How criminals manipulate crypto-currency markets

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Asia Times reports: Crypto-currencies are fairly new, loosely regulated and often treated as speculative assets, like stocks or bonds. That leaves a lot of room for fraud.

Bitcoin is more susceptible than stocks or bonds because so few people hold large amounts of Bitcoin and have been in the crypto-currency community for a number of years and know each other. They can take coordinated actions to increase or decrease prices – and because there’s no real regulation of crypto-currency markets, it might not even be illegal for them to do so.

Blockchain systems have some immutable security features, but  only if transactions happen within the system.  Scams include “spoofing,” in which people place orders but cancel them before the deal is finalized  and “wash trading,” in which one person sets up what looks like a legitimate purchase-and-sale deal, but actually does the deal with himself or herself.

Some countries are starting to regulate crypto-currency markets, either under existing regulations or new ones. The problems will likely shift to other countries that lack strong rules, which highlights the importance of international cooperation in investigations.

Source: How criminals can manipulate crypto-currency markets | Asia Times

Conversation with Tatiana Moroz, Singer, Songwriter and Crypto Activist

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Tatiana Moroz is a libertarian singer and songwriter who uses Bitcoin-based crowdfunding to spread her message of peace and freedom. We had a wide-ranging conversation where we explore the ways this could support many other types of projects and initiatives, including other types of artists, small businesses and community networks.

This is the first of a new podcast series, the Zoetic Telegram, which will explore the intersection of the virtual and the real.